Flash Compensation

If you’re indoors with poor lighting and you don’t use flash, you get this:

Bad

This is okay, but the people are a little underexposed (dark). You should use flash; but what do you do if you’re in an indoor venue with high ceilings (meaning no place to bounce the flash)?

You can aim the flash directly at your subjects, however, you have to remember to set a negative flash compensation before taking the shot. I improved this shot by setting a -2/3 flash compensation to maintain exposure all around while giving some light to the subjects to avoid underexposure (too dark).

This is the result:

Better

Notice how the outdoors and the TV in both shots are exposed the same (same brightness). None of my exposure settings (aperture, shutter speed, ISO) changed. All I did was add a flash. See how the people in the picture look better? You can actually see skin tones!

Now, if I hadn’t set a negative flash compensation (-2/3 in this case), the people in the shot would be overexposed and blown out (way too bright).

This -2/3rd came from the top of my head. I exposed correctly because of experience. But fret not. If you’re flash/exposure compensation is wrong, you can always try again! The more you do it, the more familiar you are with how much compensation actually is needed to get the correct exposure.

So go out, practice some shooting! :)

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